- A Guid Cause…The Women’s Suffrage Movement in Scotland – a history of the women’s suffrage movement in Scotland using material from the National Library of Scotland
- Glasgow Women’s Library (GWL) created a booklist of Suffragette themed stories
- A guide to records on Women’s Suffrage held by the UK Archives (if they haven’t all been “lost”!!!)
- Women’ Suffrage in Scotland from the Scottish Archive Network (includes a wee film)
- Following the GWL’s 2016 Edit-a-thon, Wikipedia should be a good source of info too. More details on their event wiki page
The CILIP Information Literacy Group’s response to UK government inquiry into fake news:
In January 2017, the House of Commons Select Committee on Culture, Media and Sport launched an inquiry into fake news. As is usual with such inquiries, the Committee invited submissions from interested parties, prior to compiling a report – which we hope will be published later in the year.
The CILIP Information Literacy Group, in collaboration with InformAll, submitted a response in March. Not only is this inquiry timely, but it is directly relevant to information literacy. Indeed, one of the questions posed by the Committee in its call for submissions was ‘How can we educate people in how to assess and use different sources of news?’.
In April, the Committee published our response (the list of the nearly eighty submissions made by a range of other bodies and individuals is also available here. Amongst the other respondents are Google, Facebook, the Guardian, the BBC, Research Libraries UK and the Open University).
These are the highlights of some of the key points that we raised in our submission:
- Much of the current debate in this area is articulated around what Google, Facebook and others do to limit the spread of fake news, for instance through changes in their algorithms. But although these often technological approaches are undoubtedly important, they fail to address the place and responsibility of users as consumers, creators and sharers of information. So the question we are posing is how people’s fundamental beliefs and commitments have an impact on the way that they relate to information and news; and what might be done to help them become more judicious in their approach to information and mis-information. This is where information literacy comes in.
- In confronting fake news and misinformation, the search for evidence – founded on enquiry, questioning and research – is more relevant than the notion of truth. Truth is a subjective concept, and is not a helpful term when trying to address the challenge of fake news; it follows that the expression ‘post-truth’ is equally unhelpful.
- A major part of any solution is a greater emphasis on the teaching of critical thinking, associated with information and digital literacy, in secondary schools – something that does not currently feature prominently in the curriculum. School students’ attitudes and practices towards information are often sorely lacking, but there is evidence to suggest a more discerning mindset can be fostered, given the right sort of interventions.
- By and large, public policy in the UK does not properly address information literacy, and the recently-published UK Digital Strategy, in spite of its thinking on digital skills, conspicuously fails to touch on how to foster more critical and questioning approaches to online information.
- Psychology can go a long way to explaining people’s propensity to believe fake news, and people’s powerful attachments to what they believe to be true can breed attitudes that are very resistant to evidence and facts. Cognitive factors are important in determining attitudes to information.
We recommend keeping an eye on the Select Committee’s webpages to monitor progress with their inquiry.
The total number of female MPs ever elected finally matches the current male number – and it only took 97 years! (not counting all the years women couldn’t even stand!!!). Let’s hope it doesn’t take that long again before achieving full parity.
When you purchase books from Better World Books, a portion of the funds from the sale benefit various literacy programs including Better World Books Literacy Grants. Each year Better World Books invites libraries and nonprofit organizations to apply for funds to support their efforts to further literacy in their communities. The Better World Books Literacy Council reviews the submitted projects and selects library winners and nonprofit finalists. Nonprofit finalists are then put to a public vote. Three nonprofit grant winners will be selected by vote and two will be selected by the Better World Books Literacy Council. As a Founding B Corporation, Better World Books has raised over £18 million to date for literacy causes worldwide.
The vote is open to the public at www.betterworldbooks.co.uk/go/grants-2016-vote from now through Sept. 16, 2016 at 5 p.m. BST. Voters may vote once every 24 hours.
From the EBLIDA Newsletter July/August 2016 (the emphases are my own):
On 16 June, CJEU issued a Press Release of the Advocate General’s Opinion in Case C-174/15 Vereniging Openbare Bibliotheken v Stichting Leenrecht on the question about whether the lending of e-book could apply under the lending directive of 2006. The press release highlights that “(…) Advocate General Maciej Szpunar takes the view that the making available to the public, for a limited period of time, of electronic books by public libraries may indeed come within the scope of the directive on rental and lending rights.” Read more
Google’s success is built on the aggregation of billions of data points about our search habits which it sells on to advertisers. Google’s parent company, Alphabet, on the 8 April 2016 had a stock market valuation of $522 billion. Approximately 90% of the company’s revenues are derived from advertising showing how the “data exhaust” of something as innocuous as web searching can be monetized when it is collected at scale.
The importance of scale as a value-adding factor for data sets can also be seen with another Google product, Google Maps. At a basic level, Google Maps operates like any other satellite navigation system by linking map data with the GPS coordinates of the user. However, by combining internet connectivity with the movements of the more than 1.5 billion users of its mobile operating system, Android has added a new layer of value. By tracking the movements of Android phones users, Google is able to provide real-time traffic updates to its Map’s users showing where delays are on the roads ahead and offering re-routing advice to optimize journey times
The move into building data services alongside more traditional product ranges is exemplified by the US sportswear company, Under Armour. In 2015, Under Armour bought two fitness tracking app companies, MyFitnessPal and Endomondo for more than $500 million . These acquisitions gave the company access to the health and fitness data of approximately 120 million users across Europe and the US. While the user bases of these apps provide obvious marketing opportunities for a sportswear company it is the aggregation of the data which monitors the health status of millions of amateur athletes along with their dietary habits which may offer the real value.
Et tu, MyFitnessPal?
The full paper can be viewed here